- Year of birth: 1531
- Date of death: August 8, 1588
- Country: Spain
Alonso Sanchez Coello is an artist, born in Spain, and a part of his life spent in Portugal. He became known as a portrait painter, who worked successfully at the court of king Philip II.
It is believed that Coelho was born in 1531, but accurate data on this subject no. All his childhood he spent in Portugal, where his artistic talents were not unnoticed. João III, king of Portugal, sent gifted young man to study in Flanders, which in those days was home to many famous painters.
In this country the young man lived in the Palace of cardinal Granvelle and studied with the painter Anthony Mora, whose patron was a clergyman. In 1550 Coelho returned to Portugal to the court of John III, and meet with his teacher.
Five years later, the artist returns home and continues to learn from Maura. After his hasty departure, he became court painter. This position he held until his death in 1588.
At the court of the master and loved him well, the king even baptized two of his children. After his death his place was taken by his pupil Juan Pantoja de La Cruz.
After the wizard left quite a lot of pictures, some of which is the Royal residence – in the Escorial. But his works on religious themes, the researchers are condescending, not believing them to be something outstanding.
But the portrait art of Coelho worthy of attention. Despite the static poses, explicit posing and some flaws in the image, his portraits are expressive and realistic. He often posed for the ruling family of the Habsburg dynasty, who have never been very beautiful appearance. The artist did not embellish the reality, depicting the faces of dignitaries as they looked really.
He created a kind of Canon of the Spanish court portrait using a simple gray background instead of a landscape or architecture. His contemporaries called him the “master of gray” because it is perfectly possible shades of that color, which he greatly enjoyed.