Anatomy lesson, Rembrandt, 1632
- Posted by Rembrandt
- Museum: Maurice
- Year: 1632
Description of the picture :
Anatomy lesson – Rembrandt. 1632
This was the first major order received by Rembrandt after moving to Amsterdam. An autopsy performed by Dr. Nicholas Tulp is captured on the canvas (1632). Highlighted by a simple collar, a broadband hat and a clear, open look, Tulp holds his tendon with his tongs; with the other hand, he shows how tendons bend their fingers – the main tools of the artist and surgeon. These kinds of group portraits were popular among different partnerships and guilds; usually members of the group posed on them, seated in one row. Rembrandt’s scene is more lively: the students are loaded into a tight circle, and while one of them holds the list of those present in their hands, while others look at the opened volume of the famous treatise of Dr. Andreas Vezalia, located in the lower right corner, they all listen carefully to the words of Dr. Tulp. Their pale faces and corpse skin stand out with bright spots on a dark background.
DR. In the Netherlands, doctors often targeted ridicule, such as in a Bosch picture. Extraction of a stone of stupidity (approx. 1490), which depicts a doctor drilling the patient’s skull to let out bad evaporation. In the picture of Jan Sten. Visit of the doctor (1663-1665) is another popular plot: the doctor examines a woman who is either in love or pregnant. Such scenes usually depict a piece of tape, since the diagnosis was made by the smell that occurs when the tape was burned. The doctor could also listen to the pulse of a woman who was believed to have been frequent in the presence of her lover.