- Date of birth: 14 Nov 1840
- Date of death: 5 Dec 1926
- Country: France
Claude Monet – the artist who not only became one of the founders of impressionism, but also gave the name to this area of painting. It is because of his paintings, describing the sunrise in the port of Le Havre later so-called new artistic movement.
The painter was born in 1840 in the family of a grocer in Paris, but youth spent in Normandy, in Le Havre where his family moved in 1845, where he was engaged in painting and even earn a caricature in his performance quite well sold in the grocery store of his father. There he met his first teacher, eugène Boudin.
At the age of 20, Monet was drafted into the army. To serve him fell in Algeria, but less than two years, the future artist had contracted typhoid fever, his aunt helped him pay off the service. Back in France, Claude went to University, but was dissatisfied with the approach to teaching and learning left by going in the Studio painting, organized by Charles Parom. This Studio introduced him to such artists as Renoir, Sisley, Bazille. In them he found a kindred spirit in art and with them made up the center of origin of impressionism.
Claude Monet was married twice before. First time for Camille, Danse, the second – Alice aside. Portrait of Camille, written 4 years before their wedding in 1860, brought the artist fame. The marriage lasted 9 years, until the death of his wife from tuberculosis. She died in 1879, leaving two painter sons. Almost all the time the family lived in the town of Argenteuil near Paris, and here were written some of the best paintings by the master. The second time Monet got married only 13 years later, in 1892, and lived with Alice aside 18 years. Their marriage also broke his wife’s death.
The outbreak of the Franco-Prussian war compelled the artist in 1870, to move to England and then to the Netherlands. Stay in the Netherlands became a very productive period in his work, in Zaandam, he wrote 25 paintings.
Immediately after his return in 1872, Monet wrote his famous painting “Impression. Rising sun”. The picture shown was at the exhibition of 1874.
In 1893, together with his second wife the artist moved to Giverny, where he holds the rest of my life. Even after eye surgery in 1912 because of a double cataract, he never ceases to draw.
He died a great artist in 1926, survived 6 years Degas and 4 – Renoir and die 15 years before a new recognition of his work. He was buried in Giverny Church cemetery.