- Date of birth: 25 February 1841
- Date of death: 3 Dec 1919
- Country: France
Pierre Auguste Renoir, the famous painter and sculptor, was born in 1841 in the South of France, in a large poor family. From an early age the boy showed an amazing ability in painting. Since childhood, he was earning money for the family by painting China, and in the evenings he attended art school.
In 1862 Renoir passed the examinations and entered the école des Beaux-arts, where she met Basile, Claude Monet, Pissarro. They were all enthusiastic over the new – impressionism, however, the first successful artist, earning fame and considerable capital, creating paintings in this manner, it was Renoir. All my life, even seriously ill, he did not let the brush of hands. His work was interrupted only once when, in 1870, the artist was drafted into the army to participate in the Franco-Prussian campaign. After the defeat of the French troops unharmed, he with the same zeal went to work, creating together with like-minded friends “Anonymous cooperative partnership” and resuming both business and personal relationship with his favorite model Lisa Treo.
Gained fame as a talented impressionist, Renoir in the mid-1890s years is entering a new phase of his life. His longtime mistress Lisa Treo gets married and leaves the artist. He gradually loses interest in impressionism, often returning in his works to the classics. In this period the painter meets the main love of his life – the young seamstress Aline of Chariho. Having gone through a few emotional partings and reunions, the couple married in 1890, when the first son of Renoir and Aline was 5 years old. These years of cloudless happiness was the best period in the life of Renoir.
In 1897, due to complications after a broken arm, his health rapidly deteriorated. The artist suffered from rheumatism, but even being confined to a wheelchair, he continued to create new masterpieces. Henri Matisse, paralyzed regularly visited Renoir in his Studio one day, couldn’t resist asking him about the feasibility of such hard work, accompanied by constant pain. “Pain passes, beauty remains,” was the reply. Renoir died in 1919 from pneumonia, until the last day he continued to work in his Studio.