Assumption Cathedral in Moscow, Russia
- Country: Russia
- City: Moscow
- Address: The Kremlin
The larger or more significant ancient structure, the harder and sometimes longer, the process of birth of the Museum. One of these museums — the assumption Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin. Its unique architectural quality, it polutysyacheletnego history, its huge artistic wealth has long attracted the attention of scientists. In the last quarter of the century there were carried out the most intensive research. They continue today, are constantly undergoing restoration research.
Construction of the assumption Cathedral refers to the XV century, but among the surviving architectural structures of the Kremlin, he, perhaps more than any other is associated with the earliest history of Moscow. The extant building of the Cathedral is the fifth since then on this place was built a wooden Church in the wooden city of the XII century, situated on the high Bank of the Moskva river at the confluence of the Neglinnaya. Recent studies of ancient topography of the Kremlin shows that the temple was set on top of a coastal hill: apparently, he was the main Moscow Church. Obviously, then South, to the steep descent to the river, stretched the town square with a belfry, where there was a ceremonial fees and that was typical for those times, to gather in the chamber.
Discoveries of scientists are increasingly convinced that the building of ancient Moscow was given a large place in the official life of the city. He apparently was patronales Church of Moscow and later of the Moscow Principality, its symbol. With the restructuring, the resumption of the monument usually proceeded to another large building. So it has been for two centuries, when Moscow was gradually rose above other Russian towns and was turned into a center of unity of the national forces.
At the end of the XIII century in connection with the establishment of the Moscow Principality in the North-Eastern Russia in the place of ancient wooden Church was first built in Moscow the white-stone Church. In the fourteenth century, when the princes of Moscow received the title of Grand Prince of Vladimir in the Kremlin turned a large stone building, and it began with architecture, instead of the former, which was demolished, a new white-stone assumption Church. Finally, in the second half of the next, XV century, Ivan III, the founder of the centralized Russian state, started an ambitious reconstruction of its capital, ordered to disassemble the Church and to erect a new Cathedral of the assumption.
The creation of the assumption Cathedral in the XV century was of great significance. About this detail record. For its size it had to surpass the assumption Cathedral in Vladimir, which was taken as a model for the construction of the Moscow Cathedral of the XV century. The first attempt of the Moscow builders were unsuccessful: almost finished a Grand Cathedral suddenly collapsed. To reach that goal, Ivan III turned to the architect of Italy, then the most experienced architects in Europe.
Arriving in Moscow in 1475, Bologna master Aristotle Fioravanti was erected on the site of the collapsed Cathedral is the extant unique building that has played an exceptional role in the further development of Russian architecture.
All works of art that are in the Dormition Cathedral tells us of the wealth of thinking of the artists of that time.