- Date of birth: 10 APR 1894
- Date of death: 6 Feb 1982
- Country: England
Outstanding English master of abstract painting and sculpture Ben Nicholson born in 1894 in Deneme, UK. From childhood he was surrounded by a Bohemian atmosphere, after all, his father and uncle were well-known artists of the late phase of the Victorian era. As they say, the art he had in the blood. All his life he spent surrounded by the most famous painters, sculptors and artists. Even all three his wife were artists in various fields.
In 1910, Ben got to study in a famous art school Slade, but he stayed in her for a few months. The young man still more attracted Billiards and entertainment than a necessity of academic education. He quit high school and for seven years devoted to traveling around the world. He had the opportunity to visit France, Italy, Madeira, United States of America, in North Wales.
At 26 years old he first married, and in 1922 he had his first personal exhibition in which he presented his still lifes and landscapes. In the early work of the master of the strong influence of the Impressionists and Cezanne. But soon everything will change with the introduction of it in society “7 and 5”. It was an organization that unites artists with an avant-garde approach to art. Here he met his future second wife, the sculptor.
In 1924, Nicholson is writing his first painting in an abstract style. In subsequent years, he experimented with artistic techniques, introducing the paintings of the cubist elements, contrasting with the overall pastel color paintings.
In 1933 he created the first abstract sculptures – reliefs. In 1934 he married Barbara Hepworth – sculptor, whom he met in the “7 and 5”. In 1939 the couple lives in London, where he makes acquaintance with Mondrian and Naum Gabo, whose work also influenced the artist’s work.
The wizard then with his wife moved to Cornwall, where they live until 1958, creating here, the Center of abstract art. 1937 marked the American entry into society “Abstraction-Creation”.
The forties began for the Nicholson period of formation of the constructivist sentiment. Along with Gabo and architect Martin he became the founder of “the International review group of artists-constructivists” and produces a Manifesto that outlined the goals and objectives of the direction. For the artist constructivism was presented as an avant-garde way of creating works of art based on basic geometric shapes.
After moving to Switzerland the master is working in his Studio on lake Maggiore. He married for the third time artist and photographer from Switzerland. In the fifties, the artist travels a lot, mostly in Italy and in other Mediterranean regions. In his work there are pictures of architectural monuments of past centuries. From the middle of the decade, he fully devotes all his energy to create reliefs. A vivid example of his work from that period is “Crete”, founded in 1956.
In 1971, after the divorce, he returned to the UK and the following year moved to the district of London, where he will have a workshop before the end of his days.
The artist was a kind and recognizable. It was formed under a certain degree of influence of giants like Picasso and Mondrian. The type of their paintings, reliefs and sculptures, Nicholson refers to a neoplastic field in modern abstract art.
The master died in 1982, continuing to work even in old age. His work is highly appreciated by descendants and the state is Queen Elizabeth II awarded him the Order of Merit.