- Date of birth: 20 may 1445
- Date of death: 17 may 1510
- Country: Italy
Biography of Sandro Botticelli is very rich. Let’s start with the fact that his name is a nickname. Actually his name was Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi. Sandro is an abbreviation for Alessandro, but the nickname Botticelli stuck to him, because it was called one of the elders of the artist. In translation it means “cask”. He was born in Florence in 1445.
The future artist’s father was a Tanner. About 1458 little Sandro was already working as an apprentice in the jewelry workshop, which belonged to one of his older brothers. But he did not stay there long, and already in the beginning of 1460 years was recorded in the students to the painter fra Filippo Lippi.
Years in a Studio Lippi was fun and productive. The artist and his apprentice get along. Subsequently, Lippi himself became a pupil of Botticelli. With 1467 Sandro opened his own workshop.
His first order of Botticelli performed for the courtroom. It was in 1470. To 1475 Sandro Botticelli was quite famous and sought-after master. He began to create murals, painting for the churches.
Botticelli believed “his” man almost everywhere, including in rich Royal families. So, Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de ‘ Medici when he bought the Villa, invited Sandro Botticelli for him to live and paint for the interior. It was at this time Botticelli wrote his two most famous paintings – “Spring” and “Birth of Venus”. Both paintings presented on our website with a detailed description.
To 1481 Botticelli went to Rome at the invitation of Pope Sixtus IV. He participated in the painting of the Sistine chapel, which had just finished building.
After his father’s death in 1482, Botticelli returned to his native Florence. After a tragedy, the artist took on again for the picture. Customers in droves to his Studio, so some of the work was done by the wizard’s apprentice, and he was taken only for the more complex and prestigious orders. This time it was the peak of fame, Sandro Botticelli. He was known as the best painter of Italy.
But ten years later the government changed. Ascended to the throne Savonarola, who despised Medica, their luxury, corruption. Botticelli had a hard time. Moreover, in 1493 died brother Botticelli Giovanni, whom he loved very much. Botticelli lost any support. Though this period did not last long, because in 1498 Savonarola was excommunicated and burned at the stake publicly, it was very difficult.
Towards the end of his life Botticelli was very lonely. About his former glory and left no trace. He was rejected as an artist, and did more orders. He died in 1510.