- Date of birth: 29 September 1571
- Date of death: July 18, 1610
- Country: Italy
Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio was born in 1571 in Italy, in Lombardy. Still unknown, neither the birthplace of that illustrious man, nor the date of his birth. Scientists suggest that it could be born in Milan, in a small town near Milan, Caravaggio. Michelangelo was the eldest son in the family. He had three brothers and a sister who was younger than all. Their father was engaged in the construction, and had a good salary and education.
When in 1576 the plague epidemic, the family Michelangelo had to move from Milan in Caravaggio again. In 1577, his father died, and then the family began to have some problems. During this period nothing further is known about the biography of Michelangelo Merisi.
The next date 1584, interrupted this period. Michelangelo became a pupil of the Milanese painter Simone Petertsano. After learning from this unjustly forgotten painter, Michelangelo was to receive the title of artist, but no supporting evidence on this issue, unfortunately have not survived.
In 1592, Caravaggio family again has gone through another tragedy – his mother died. After this incident, all the inheritance of the parents was divided among the children. Michelangelo has a good share, which was enough to leave her hometown and move to Rome. According to some reports, Michelangelo did not just run away from Milan. Many biographers believe that he killed a man, or very seriously wounded, so he had to move.
First time to stay in the capital of Italy Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio had difficulty finding work, but soon, he found himself apprenticed to Giuseppe Cesari, who was considered at that time one of the best artists of Italy. But their cooperation was short-lived. Caravaggio was in the hospital due to the fact that it hurt the horse. After his recovery he decided to work for myself.
Then on the way Michelangelo and met cardinal Francesco del Wash. He got several paintings by Caravaggio and really liked it. Wash was an educated and cultured man, appreciated art and was friends with Galileo. In 1597 cardinal took the young artist to his service, providing him with a good salary. So went another 3 years from the biography of Michelangelo, and they were not in vain. The artist noticed, and he began to get more and more orders. It was at this time he has written such films as “the Calling of St. Matthew” and “Martyrdom of St. Matthew” and “the Crucifixion of the Apostle Peter.”
Caraudio contemporaries were amazed at his talent. He painted very realistically, his paintings were filled with drama and was very original. He painted contrary to the religious standards that existed at the time. Of course, there were opponents of his work, who believed that it depicts the saints very down to earth. So, his painting “Saint Matthew and the angel” was rejected by the priests as unworthy. This picture was purchased by famous collector of that time the Marquis Vincenzo Giustiniani, who had bought Caravaggio subsequently more than 15 pictures. Rejected by the Church a painting by Michelangelo copied.
To 1604 Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio became the most famous painter of Italy of his time, but moreover, he was known as the most controversial artist because his paintings have always sparked heated debate. But with the name of Caravaggio was bound and notoriety, the glory of the offender. His name appeared more than 10 times in the list violates the law with their careless antics. Of them can be listed such as carrying an offensive weapon without a permit (Caravaggio carried a huge dagger), throwing in the face of the waiter tray, broken Windows in the house. The artist did some time in prison. 28 may 1606 Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio killed a man. If earlier, when he was still living at home, this fact was not confirmed, but this time it is known for certain. After the fight, which occurred in the game of ball, the disaster struck. Michelangelo had to go to flight. The remaining 4 years of his life he had to spend in exile.
The first time he was near Rome. He still hoped that his life would be spared. Realizing that this was impossible, he went to Naples. And even there he found customers. After living 9 months, he moved to Malta. In Malta, Caravaggio worked very productively, and for services to the order of Malta of Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio was dedicated to his knights. But could not be so smooth, the nature of the artist manifested itself. After another confrontation with high-ranking Advisor of the order, Michelangelo went to prison, from which he escaped to Sicily.
By the end of the artist’s life the government was not looking for, now he had another threat – revenge of the Hospitallers. In the autumn of 1609, Michelangelo suffered, he disfigured face. In 1610, the irony played a cruel joke with the artist, he went to prison, but by mistake! He was soon released. But ill with malaria, he died July 18, 1610 at the age of 39 years.