- Date of birth: 11 may 1904
- Date of death: 23 Jan 1989
- Country: Spain
Great and extraordinary man Salvador Dali was born in Spain in Figueres in 1904, may 11. His parents were very different. Mother believed in God, the father on the contrary, was an atheist. Father of Salvador Dali’s name was also Salvador. Many believe that Dali was named after his father, but it is not so. Though the father and the son were the same names, yet the younger Salvador Dali was named in memory of his brother who died before the age of two years old. This bothered the artist of the future, as he felt counterpart, some echo of the past. Salvador had a sister that was born in 1908.
The Childhood Of Salvador Dali
Studied Gave a very bad, was pampered and restless, although the ability to draw he had in childhood. The first teacher of Salvador Ramon Pichot. At 14 years old his paintings were on exhibition in Figueres.
In 1921, Dali moved to Madrid and entered the Academy of fine arts. The study did not like him. He believed that he could teach their teachers the art of drawing. He remained in Madrid only because it was interesting to communicate with his teammates. There he met Federico Garcia Lorca and Luis Buñuel.
Studies at the Academy
In 1924 Dali was expelled from the Academy for misconduct. When he returned a year later, he was again expelled in 1926, without the right of recovery. The case that resulted in this situation, was astounding. On one of the exams Professor, the Academy was asked to name 3 of the greatest artists in the world. Dali replied that he would not answer such questions because no teacher from the Academy has the right to judge him. Too contempt Given to teachers.
By this time, the Salvador Dali already had his own exhibition, which was visited by Pablo Picasso himself. It was the catalyst for discovering artists.
Close communication of Salvador Dali with Buñuel turned into a film called “UN Chien andalou”, which had a surreal slant. In 1929 Dali officially became a surrealist.
As Dali has found a Muse
In 1929 Dali had found his Muse. She was Gala Eluard. It is depicted in many paintings of Salvador Dali. Between them there was serious passion, and Gala left her husband to be with Dali. At the moment of meeting with his beloved Dali lived in Cadaques, where he bought a cabin with no special facilities. Not without the help of gala Dali was able to organize some great exhibitions, which were in such cities as Barcelona, London, new York.
In 1936 was a tragicomic moment. In one of his exhibitions in London Dali decided to read a lecture at the suit of the diver. Soon he began to choke. Actively gesticulating, he was asked to remove his helmet. The audience took it as a joke, and it went well.
By 1937, when Dali visited Italy, his style of work has changed significantly. Too much influenced by the work of Renaissance masters. Dali was expelled from the Surrealists.
During the Second World war Dali moved to the United States, where he was recognized and quickly achieved success. In 1941, for his personal exhibition opened the doors of the Museum of modern art, USA. Writing his autobiography in 1942, Dalí felt that he really known as the book sold out very quickly. In 1946, Dali collaborated with Alfred Hitchcock. Of course, depending on the success of his former friend andré Breton could not pass up the chance to write an article in which he humiliated Dali – “Salvador Dali – Avida Dollars” (“Rowing with the dollars”).
In 1948 Salvador Dalí returned to Europe and settled in Port-Lligat, leaving out in Paris, then back to new York.
Dalí was a very famous man. He was involved in almost everything and was successful. All his exhibitions do not count, but the most memorable exhibition at the Tate gallery, which was visited by about 250 million people, can not fail to impress.
Died Salvador Dali in 1989, 23 January after the death of gala, who died in 1982. Be sure to visit our partner website, which features the paintings of Salvador Dali. You will be able to choose and order some of his work for yourself.