- Date of birth: 7 June 1848
- Date of death: 8 may 1903
- Country: France
Paul Gauguin was born in 1848 in Paris on 7 June. His father was a journalist. After the revolutionary upheavals in France, the father of the future artist had gathered the family and went to Peru on a ship intending to stop at the parents of his wife Alina, and open there own magazine. But in a way he had a heart attack and he died.
Paul Gauguin lived in Peru until the age of seven. Returning to France, a family of Goganov settled in Orleans. But the Field was quite interesting to live in the province and boring. At the first opportunity he left the house. In 1865 he was hired as a worker on a trading ship. Time passed, and the number of Field visit countries increased. For several years Paul Gauguin was a real sailor who had been in a different sea debacles. Enrolling in the service in the French Navy Paul Gauguin will continue to sail the open seas and oceans.
After his mother’s death, Paul left the sea and engaged in work on the exchange, which helped him to find his guardian. Work was good and it seemed like he worked there long time.
The Marriage Of Paul Gauguin
Gauguin married in 1873 to Dane Matt-Sophie Gad. In 10 years of marriage, wife gave birth to five children, and the position of the Gauguin in the society became stronger. In his spare time, Gauguin was engaged in her favorite hobby – drawing.
Gauguin was not confident in his artistic abilities. One day, one of the paintings of Paul Gauguin was selected for display at the exhibition, but he didn’t tell anyone about this family.
In 1882 began the exchange crisis in the country, and further the successful work of Gauguin began to raise doubts. This fact helped to determine the fate of Gauguin as an artist.
By 1884 Gauguin had been living in Denmark, as the money for the stay in France was not enough. Wife of Gauguin taught French in Denmark, and he tried to trade, but he did not succeed. Began the differences in the family and marriage broke up in 1885. The mother was left with 4 children in Denmark, and Gauguin returned to Paris with his son Clovis.
Living in Paris was difficult, and Gauguin had to move to Brittany. He liked it here. The Bretons are very kind people with their traditions and worldview, and even with his tongue. Gauguin felt Brittany’s fine, he woke up again the feelings of the traveler.
In 1887, taking with him the painter Charles Laval, they went to Panama. The trip was not very successful. Gauguin had to work to provide for themselves. Ill with malaria and dysentery in the Field had to return home. Friends received him, and helped to recover, and in 1888, Paul Gauguin moved again to Brittany.
Case with van Gogh
Gauguin was familiar with van Gogh, who wanted to organize a colony of artists in Arles. It is there that he invited his friend. All financial costs incured brother van Gogh Theo (we mentioned about this incident in the biography of van Gogh). For Gauguin it was a good opportunity to escape and live without any worries. The views of the artists dispersed. Gauguin took charge of van Gogh, began to present themselves as teachers. Van Gogh, suffering already at that time mental illness was not able to endure. At some point he attacked Paul Gauguin with a knife. Never overtook his victim, van Gogh cut off his ear, Gauguin went back to Paris.
After this incident, Paul Gauguin spent his time traveling between Paris and Brittany. And in 1889 he visited a painting exhibition in Paris, he decided to settle in Tahiti. Money of course Gauguin was not, and he began to sell his paintings. Accumulating about 10 thousand francs he went to the island.
In the summer of 1891 Paul Gauguin went to work, bought a small straw hut on the island. In many paintings of that time depict the wife of Gauguin Tekhuri, which was only 13 years old. Her parents gladly gave her to be the wife of Gauguin. The work was fruitful, Gauguin wrote a lot of interesting pictures in Tahiti. But time passed, and the money ended up, besides Gauguin contracted syphilis. He could no longer stand it, and went to France, where he was waiting for a small inheritance. But at home, he spent a lot of time. In 1895 he returned to Tahiti, where he lived in poverty and in need.
Died eugène Henri Paul Gauguin from a heart attack on Markizovyh Islands in 1903, may 8.