British Museum – exhibits, London
- Country: England
- City: London
- Address: Great Russell St, London WC1B 3DG
The most famous landmark of the capital of Albion is the British Museum. This establishment is one of the largest in the world. Like almost all museums in England, it arose spontaneously, on the basis of three private collections of the distinguished citizens of this country.
A distinctive feature of the Museum was initially astonishing diversity of exhibits. Ethnographic and archaeological curiosities coexisted here with the subjects of natural kinds, paintings, ancient manuscripts and books. The date of Foundation is considered to be the British Museum in 1753, when one of its founders, the British naturalist Hans Sloane bequeathed to the nation his collection. Approved the opening of the Museum, a special act of the British Parliament. By the time the official “start” in 1759, the year the collection was replenished with the exhibits of the Royal library.
The undisputed gems of the collection are the famous Museum of ancient sculptures called the Parthenon marbles (and sometimes the Elgin marbles, named count, shipped at the time from Greece these priceless masterpieces). The names of their authors remain unknown, despite the uniqueness and greatness of the works. There is the assumption that the frieze and the statues of the Parthenon – the handiwork of the famous Greek sculptor Phidias, who led the construction of the Acropolis.
Greece has repeatedly tried to reclaim the Parthenon marbles. England, in turn, is in no hurry to say goodbye with antique treasures. Both sides have their opinion on this subject: the Greeks considered the removal of the relics of the theft, the position of the British Museum, this measure would save the sculpture from destruction. Each in its own rights. Earl of Elgin originally interpreted the permission of the Turkish government on the export of a pair of “marble stones” out of the country on memory. At the time of the transfer of exhibits to the jurisdiction of the British Museum, the Parthenon more than one century was in crumbling ruins, slowly dismantle the local population for building materials.