“Cochegar”, Nikolay Alexandrovich Yaroshenko – overview of the painting
- Posted by Nikolay Alexandrovich Yaroshenko
- Museum: Tretyakov Gallery
- Year: 1878
Overview of the painting :
Kochegar – Nikolay Alexandrovich Yaroshenko. Oil on canvas. 89 x 124 cm
After the abolition of serfdom, many peasants began to retrain in wage workers (proletarians). In Russia of that time, the working issue became relevant for the first time.
Yaroshenko, as an artist, realist subtly felt the mood of society and impeccably captured what was in the air.
The broad education of the painter, his not only emotional, but also intellectual sensitivity, allowed him to look at the world widely, to see what was hidden from the eyes of others. That is why he turned to the “working question” in Russian painting first.
The non-verbal, figurative understanding of reality by the artist is reflected in this picture.
On it we see a fireman exhausted by his excessive labor. It is difficult for a modern person to imagine what hardships and hardships it was necessary to overcome for workers who lived in that difficult, gravitational era.
Modernists noted the high moral qualities of Yaroshenko, his integrity. It is not surprising that he used his talent for such a noble goal as bringing to society the plight of workers.
On the face of the worker is written complete indifference, combined with some kind of animal stubbornness. It is clear that now he is tired, but when he rests, he will go to the end and not break his will. And those well-mannered and wealthy viewers who are now enjoying this canvas will still see, and will still feel this unbending pressure on themselves.
Reflections of flame languages are visible on the brick wall and make you remember about hell. About the hell in which the workers live. About the hell that is destined for their tormentors.
Only transcendental fatigue prevents the strong-willed qualities that are hidden in the soul of a fireman. After all, most of all, he does not look like a hell of a martyr, but a line that has tended in his duties and allocated a minute to rest.