“Crucifixion”, Juan Flandes – overview of the painting
- Posted by Juan Flandes
- Museum: Prado Museum
- Year: 1509-1518
Overview of the painting :
Crucifixion – Juan Flandes. Wood oil. 1509-1518. 123 x 169 cm
The presented work is part of an eleven-part cycle devoted to the main moments of Christ’s life, or rather, his walking in agony. The altar panels at Juan Flandes were ordered by Bishop Diego de Des and were intended for the main central altar of the cathedral in Palencia. In addition to stories such as “the path to Calvary”, “Breakdown”, “Essa Nomo”, “Bratification”, etc., of course, the central place was given to the “Crucifixion”.
Taking up work, the painter relied on the iconographic type Reau, which implied a magnificent sight of horizontal orientation. The central part of the composition is occupied by Christ, who is nailed to the cross with 3 nails (this is a tribute to tradition, originating from the 13th century.). Jesus here does not suffer, not building, and not suffering – his body is lifeless and limp, and the resulting blood from his wounds tells the viewer that everything is already over.
A dark cloud thickened over the crucified, which actually sent the skyscraper. This is another sign of an already committed atrocity. Christ died … for the sins of the rest.
There are few people around Christ – on the right we see the Virgin, Maria Magdalene, the disciples. Those who have only now turned their faces to Christ with a mixture of devotion and surprise also pay attention. This is a soldier with a spear, a centurion on a horse, another rider.
The plot of the picture is static, motionless. As if the whole action froze in an instant, the heroes do not interact with each other at all. The “crucifixion” will acquire a more lively and dramatic color in the works of future masters.