Crucifixion of St. Peter, Luke Giordano
- Posted by Luca Giordano
- Museum: Academy Gallery
- Year: 1655-1660
Overview of the painting :
The Crucifixion of St. Peter is Luke Giordano. 1655-1660. Oil on canvas. 196×258
Neapolitan Luke Giordano (1632-1705) was extremely fruitful. Today, his works (several thousand works), “crossing” from palaces and temples, are located in many museums of the world. For a long time it was believed that he was nothing more than a master-shaped artist, capable of creating shallow, bravure, monotonous decorative compositions that set the stage for the subsequent roco. However, the researchers, given the peculiarity of the practice of that era, when many orders made to the painter were mostly performed by students and apprentices, highlighted genuine works from his work and found an outstanding, deep virtuoso. Giordano was a student of the Spaniard, Husepe Ribera, but was also open to other influences, in particular Pietro da Cortona, the Venetians of the Renaissance and especially Veronese.
According to the tradition of art, Giordano made a trip to Rome and Venice. The picturesque manner of the scene from the life of St. Peter arose under the influence of this trip. Composite diagonals sharply draw the surface of a large canvas, a powerful relief of tense human bodies is affirmed in the foreground, radiating energy waves, forcing the viewer to shudder from a brutal tragedy. The fisherman from Galilee Simon became one of the called disciples of Christ: “Jesus, looking at him, said: you are Simon, son of Ionin; you will be called Kif, which means “stone.”. (Kifa – in Aramaic, in Greek – Peter.) Under Emperor Nerone at 64 n. e. already young Peter was crucified on the cross, fulfilling the request of the executed: considering himself unworthy to die, as Teacher, he asked him to be crucified.