David Teniers the Younger

  • Date of birth: 15 Dec 1610
  • Date of death: 25 APR 1690
  • Country: Holland

Biography:

David Teniers the Younger, an eminent Flemish painter of the seventeenth century, was born in 1610 in Antwerp. His father, David Teniers the Elder, was also a painter, and the first lessons of drawing and painting, the son has received from him. Financial difficulties of the father, according to the researchers, on the one hand, caused quite heavy a young age the future master, and on the other prompted him to start early to earn their bread by their own creativity and to achieve recognition. However, an important contribution to the success of David made him a very successful marriage at twenty-seven, the daughter of famous painter Jan Brueghel the Elder, Anne Breughel. She was also painter, pupil of Rubens, and the marriage helped Teniers to win the patronage of the master, grew later into a strong friendship.

In 1644, David holds a position in the Guild of Antwerp painters Guild of St. Luke, and gradually gains popularity in local circles of artists and connoisseurs of art. The Governor of the Spanish Netherlands, Archduke Leopold Wilhelm began to patronize Teniers and in 1651 invited him to his Palace Coudenberg. Teniers became a court painter and custodian of the large gallery. One of the most famous paintings of David depicts them both against the background of numerous paintings from the collection of the Archduke. Incidentally, Teniers was entrusted with the publication of the album of the 244 engravings, which were reproductions of paintings from the collection. The album was published in 1658 and was the first in the history of an illustrated catalogue of the private art collection.

In subsequent years, Teniers, and many have successfully worked to order. Among his most famous customers were king Philip IV Spanish and statthalter of the Netherlands William II of orange. The artist even tried to achieve for themselves a noble title, but to no avail.

In 1656 the artist was widowed. Six months later, he again married Isabella de Fren, who was the sister of the Consul of Brabant. In 1662 David acquires his own castle near the town of Vilvoorde.

Teniers played a very significant role in the Foundation of the Antwerp Academy of arts, and in 1663 became its first rector. At the same time, he received a long-awaited title of nobility and since then ceased to charge for their paintings.

At the end of his life the artist suffered from numerous diseases. In addition, the children from the second marriage after the death of his mother in 1683 initiated against his father many years of litigation, not ended even after the artist’s death in 1690.