- Date of birth: 30 Mar 1746
- Date of death: 16 APR 1828
- Country: Spain
The famous painter Francisco de Goya was born on March 30 1746 in Fuendetodos in Spain. He began his studies of art as a teenager and even spent some time in Rome to advance their skills. In 1770-ies Goya worked in the Spanish Royal court. In addition orders of portraits of the noblemen he created works that criticized the social and political problems of his era.
The son of a Guilder, Goya spent part of his youth in Zaragoza. There he began studying painting around the age of fourteen. Was a student of Jose Luzan Martinez. He copied the works of great masters, finding inspiration in the works of such artists as Diego rodríguez de Silva y velázquez and Rembrandt van Rijn.
Later, Goya moved to Madrid where he began to work with brothers Francisco and ramón Bayeu at Subías in their Studio. He sought to continue his art education in 1770 or 1771, while traveling in Italy. In Rome, Goya studied the classics and worked there. He submitted a picture in the contest conducted by the Academy of fine arts in Parma. While the judges liked his work, he failed to win the Grand prize.
Through the German artist Anton Raphael Mengs, Goya started to create works for the Royal family of Spain. He first painted tapestry cartoons, which have served as models at the plant in Madrid. These works showed scenes from daily life, such as “the Parasol” (1777) and “Ceramics Manufacturer” (1779).
In 1779 Goya was appointed as a painter to the Royal court. He continued to grow in status, receiving admission to the Royal Academy of San Fernando in the next year. Over time Goya created a reputation as a portraitist. “The Duke and Duchess of Osuna and their children” (1787-1788) illustrates this perfectly. He skillfully wrote the smallest elements of their faces and clothes.
In 1792, Goya became completely deaf after suffering from an unknown illness. His style has changed somewhat. Continuing to develop professionally, Goya was appointed Director of the Royal Academy in 1795, but he never forgot the plight of the Spanish people, and reflected it in their works.
Goya created a series of photographs entitled “Caprichos” in 1799. Even in his official work, the researchers believe, cast a critical eye on his subjects. He wrote a portrait of the family of king Charles IV around 1800, which remains one of his most famous works.
The political situation in the country subsequently became so tense that Goya willingly went into exile in 1824. Despite his ill health, he thought he would be safer outside of Spain. Goya moved to Bordeaux where he spent the rest of his life. Here he continued to write more. Some of his later works – portraits of friends and life in exile. He died on 16 April 1828 in Bordeaux, France.