- Date of birth: 16 July 1723
- Date of death: 23 February 1792
- Country: England
Sir Joshua Reynolds, the famous English painter and portraitist. Born in 1723, namely July 16, in the County of Plympton, in the family of the pastor. A boy in his early childhood he became interested in painting. He was reading classical literature, drawing, tried to copy engravings. Initially, the parents wanted him to become a doctor, but seeing his ability, in 1741, the boy was sent to learn in the Studio of Thomas Hudson, who was in London. There the young artist studied for only three years, after which he decided to return to Plympton.
In the hometown of Reynolds opens his workshop where he works on portraits. Feeling that he is still not experienced, the painter went to London. In the capital, Joshua learns from representatives of the old school artists, then tries to behave in an independent style.
In 1749 Reynolds begins his journey through Europe. He is pursuing his dream to see the world, through acquaintance with Augustus Cappela. This sailor received orders to sail to the Mediterranean sea, and invited the young artist to accompany him. First painter visited in Menorca (one of the Islands near the coast of Spain). From there Joshua went to Rome, where he several years studied the ancient Greco-Roman sculpture and of Italian painting. Also the artist about a month lived in Paris. Having finished his journey, in 1753, Reynolds finally moved to London. In the capital, he is becoming a very popular portrait painter. Some of his works are kept in museums in UK, Germany, Spain, Russia.
After 1760, in his paintings one can trace the classic style. And in 1768, he was elected to the post of President of the Royal Academy, which he never left until the end of his life.
Joshua was successful not only in art. In early July, 1774, he became a doctor of law at the University of Oxford. After that, begins the most productive period of his life. Reynolds continued to paint portraits of beautiful women, children, Hobbies and mythology.
In 1781, he was sent to Germany and Holland, in 1783, visited Flanders. After a year of the artist appointed court painter to the English king. In 1789 the artist begin a serious health problems, and Reynolds will no longer see one eye. February 23, 1792, dying painter, a portraitist, he just a great man.