- Year of birth: 1612
- Date of death: 10 Feb 1667
- Country: Spain
This Spanish court painter – in-law of famous Diego velázquez, representative of his art school. His work belongs to the Baroque style – lush, richly decorated art trend, which gave the world many famous artists.
The future painter was born in 1612 in Cuenca. The first years of his life and youth he remained hidden from historians. Information about him is from the moment being a disciple of Velazquez, Martinez del Maso marry his daughter. Thanks to the eminent and famous father-in-law at the wedding present the king of Spain Philip IV and his all-powerful first Minister, Gaspar de Guzman. Promotion of freshly baked relative of the great artist secured for many years to come.
But to say that the artist received all their privileges and fame only thanks to a good marriage and lobbying for the interests of his father-in-law, it would be extremely unfair. He was certainly talented, his paintings are gorgeous, both professional and from an emotional point of view. But to create in the shadow of such a Titan as Velasquez, is extremely difficult. However, the paintings of martínez del Maso deserve special attention as historians and connoisseurs of art.
In 1634 the king allow Velasquez to pass to son as Keeper of the gates of the Royal chamber. After 9 years, del Maso, new opportunities. After receiving the title of master of painting he became court painter to the Prince of Asturias, former heir to the Spanish throne. This man baptized five children of the artist that tells about the places, the powers that be. The main work of the master becomes the reproduction of paintings of the great masters of the Flemish school, with images of hunting, like the young Prince.
While traveling with him in Aragon, the artist writes one of the most famous and best paintings – “the Road to Zaragoza”. At the same time created and last portrait before the deceased sixteen-year-old Prince. Del Maso becomes court painter to his father after the death of Velazquez, passing his position as the gatekeeper eldest son, also an artist.
Until the death of Philip IV artist created numerous portraits of members of the ruling family, still lifes, landscapes and so popular among the nobility of canvases with hunting. The artist remains in his position at the court of the Austrian Marianne until his death in 1667.
The work of Juan Bautista is represented in the Prado Museum next to the great paintings of his father-in-law that talks about understanding descendants and its role in art. His paintings are characterized by vibrant imagery, well-crafted songs and the harmonious color palette. He carefully wrote out all the details, so his historical portraits of real persons give a clear idea of the style and fashion of the time. Along with other artists he left a serious mark on the art of Spain.
Interestingly, one of the daughters and granddaughter of the artist Velazquez as fate made him a relative of such a ruling, and today the representatives of the Royal dynasties, as the Spanish and the Dutch Queen, king of Sweden, of Belgium, Prince of Liechtenstein, Grand Duke of Luxembourg.