- Year of birth: 1507
- Date of death: 21 Dec 1579
- Country: Spain
The Spanish Renaissance artist known as Juan de Juanes appear born in the year 1500 (or 1510 according to the attributes of the Hermitage). Most likely, his birthday falls on the interval between these two dates, according to some in the year 1507.
Real name wizard – Vicente Juan Massip. Since his father was also a painter and had the name Vicente Massip, and then had a son, also an artist, named the same name (Massip coast Vicente, or Vicente de Juanes appear). Juan de Juanes appear was strongly influenced by his father, and also influenced the painting of the son, which led to serious confusion in the attribution of paintings by different artists.
Juan de Juanes appear born in La Font de La Figueroa, his painting was influenced by creative style by Sebastiano del Piombo, but he presumably had never been to Italy. All his work was centered in Valencia. The city came a significant number of artists from different countries, including from Italy, former center of all arts and source of inspiration for many painters.
The basic amount of works de Juanes remained in Valencia. They belong to the religious painting, famous beautiful composite solutions, an accurate portrayal of characters, excellent colours and meticulous attention to even the smallest detail. He wrote and portraits, but most of his work was devoted to religious art.
The artist approached the process of creating a canvas and not as an artisan but as a highly spiritual and deeply religious man. Before work, he did the same, how did Russian iconographers: spent time in prayer, fasting, and before the picture was taken Holy communion. This activity is for the artist was akin to serving God.
The Archbishop of Valencia, Thomas Villanova, commissioned the artist a series of cartoons from the life of the Mother of God to create fashionable tapestries. De Juanes appear a lot of work for churches of different Catholic orders – Jesuits, Franciscans, Dominicans, Augustinians and minims.
Among the best works – “the Immaculate conception”, created for the Jesuits under the influence of the artist’s Confessor, father Martin Alberto and “the last supper” (or “Last supper”), created in 1562. The last picture composition and the dynamics is strongly reminiscent of Leonardo da Vinci, but has lots of decoration and architectural detail and rich, vivid colours. Maybe de Juanes appear yet visited Italy, where he was able to see the famous fresco or lists with her, made by other painters. The resemblance with differences in details may serve as evidence or his stay in the other country, nor acquainted with the works of Leonardo.
Among the famous works of the artist – a portrait of St. Vicente (Vincent) Ferrer with the motto of the Inquisition. This painting is in the Hermitage. The Saint was the patron Saint of Valencia, and the Valencian region, and for the artist this place was of great importance.
Works of the master is unique in style and quality typical of Renaissance paintings. Thanks to the skill of the artist was nicknamed “the Spanish Raphael”. His painting is considered the finest example of art of the XVI century, and the artist himself considered the best painter of the Valencian school of painting of the period.
Died de Juanes appear in 1579 in Bocairent during the creation of the Church altar. His style and type of painting imitated her son that led to difficulties of identification of paintings and religious paintings. If we consider that initially, Juan de Juanes appear worked with his father, then to share their work to 1550 (the death date of the artist’s father, Vicente Masipa) is extremely difficult.