- Date of birth: 6 July 1887
- Date of death: 28 Mar 1985
- Country: Russia
Chagall — one of the few artists who formed an era in art. It’s hard to call a man who at least vaguely heard about this great man with an incredible imagination and a unique vision for his painting. So far Chagall is a unique phenomenon, at least close to the level that could not be anyone else.
Birthplace of the recognized leader of the avant-garde on the outskirts of Vitebsk, which was one of the small towns of the Russian province, in 1887. It was a time of mass persecution of foreigners and the horrible pogroms, which caused the mass emigration of the Jewish population in other countries, with more loyal attitude to the representatives of the Jewish faith. But little Moshe all that was to come. He received a traditional Jewish education of children studied the Torah, the Talmud and mastered the Hebrew language. After finishing four classes of the school, Chagall was trained in the art of painting in Vitebsk in the school by Yudel pen.
Realizing that his talent could not be developed on the periphery, the artist decides to move to St. Petersburg- then the centre of artistic thought. The father reluctantly lets him go, selecting a very meager amount and refused to continue to financially help her son. In the city of Chagall studies at the school of Roerich, Bakst and then. During this time mark met Bella Rosenfeld, who until the end of his life remains a Muse and the woman, whose face is recognizable in almost every image created by the wizard.
In 1911, begins the band of the artist’s life, during which he was constantly thrown from one city and country to another. Changing his Jewish name Moshe Khatskelevich on a more European-sounding mark Z., he went on a scholarship to study in Paris, returning home in 1914 in Vitebsk and just once at the beginning of the First World war. The following year he marries Bella, a year later they have a daughter IDA. Subsequently, she becomes a biographer and researcher of the work of his father.
After the revolution Chagall becomes a Commissioner for art in Vitebsk province and opened his own art school.
In 1920 he moved to Moscow starts to work on the design of the theatre, and in 1922 went to Lithuania on his own exhibition with his family. Then begins the journey of Chagall to the West. He moved to Germany and then to France, where in 1937 he obtained citizenship. However, in 1941 the family was forced to flee from the impending fascism in the USA, where in 1944, Bella died. She was the last woman in the artist’s life, but until his death remained his love and eternal Muse.
With 60 years Marc Chagall was interested in the major forms and monumental art. In the scope of his interests included painting, including ceiling, tapestries and stained glass Windows. Over the years the master has created many important things, including painting the ceiling of the Opera Garnier in France, and murals for the Metropolitan Opera, mosaic for the National Bank in the United States.
Marc Chagall lived a great life and left a significant mark in avant-garde art. He died at 98 year of life, for the rest of his life remembering his origin and weaving them into their own works of motifs from the life of his native Vitebsk.