Memorial Museum Jefferson (Palace of Monticello), United States
- Country: U.S. Museums
- City: Virginia
- Address: 955 2nd St SE, Charlottesville
The Palace of Monticchiello, which was very well located in Virginia, today is perhaps the only building in the U.S. that is honored to get in the UNESCO list. The Palace itself has existed since 1923 and is open to visitors, but as a Museum, named in honor of Thomas Jefferson (third US President). Jefferson lived in Monticello for 56 years, 35 of which have time to devote to the construction, reconstruction and improvement of his estate.
Future President Thomas Jefferson was born in the family of one of the largest tobacco planters in southern Virginia. When he turned 21, he inherited a large plot of land. Among all its fertile plantations directly inherited the hills of Monticello. The name of the hills can be translated from Italian as little mountain. And it is here, in 1768, Jefferson decided to build his mansion.
Originally, the house was planned to be about 16 rooms, but it was later decided to increase their number twice. After the construction of the home, Jefferson was invited to the guests, where he showed his collection. It was kind of a unique library of native American artifacts, a large collection of interesting European painting, and, of course, just a huge variety of Souvenirs.
However, Jefferson, despite his large inheritance, he managed to leave his family a huge debt, as a result, he made a will, according to which the Palace of Monticello had to be transferred to the state, in order that it was a school for all children, the fathers of whom were naval officers. In 1923, the Palace is redeemed by the Fund, which was named in honor of Thomas Jefferson, then the building is open to everyone, but as a Museum.
Even in our time, there’s some exhibits that are still capable of causing strong surprise, for example, the apparatus for making copies of documents, various rotating clock made in the form of a sphere and a large number of unusual devices and things.
With all this, the details and style of the Museum building are the most vivid reflection of the different sorts of personal ideals and the emerging ideas of the President. Take, for example, the East wall of the building, which was equipped with a large-sized clock, and these clocks have only one hour hand. But the thing is that the President was a supporter of only one clockwise, claiming that it is enough to show the accurate time for their employees this huge estate.