Museum “Kyiv fortress” – photo and description, Kyiv, Ukraine
- Country: Ukraine
- City: Kiev
- Address: Shpytal’na str. 24A
The famous Pechora fortress! Many of her short stories and novels. What a beauty and expanse!
In the nineteenth century around the city of Kyiv Pechora district was built of earthworks, which bore the name of the New Pechora fortress. Its purpose it performed for over a hundred years and only in 1927, the castle became a branch of the Museum of history of Kiev. Now it is an independent Museum institution in which there are more than 17 000 different exhibits. It is a unique monument of history. Earthen fortress was ranked first among the strongholds of Europe and the second place among the world’s structures.
Nowadays, many buildings of the fortress restored and are of great value in the Museum. Among them are the strengthening of the hospital, which was on Cherepanova hill, called “Oblique caponier”. The peculiar name is derived from the fact that under oblique angle to the serf construction of the earthworks and facilitated the gunners in the battle.
First, the caponier was built of earthen walls with a height up to 15 metres and they were about the deep ditches. Then added strengthening using brick and stone. Inside the shaft there are forty-metre tunnels with side bevels, which are closed on two sides by gratings. The whole caponier consists of two levels: ground and underground.
The entire perimeter of the structure protected by guns, which stood on the shafts. In the underground part used as warehouses for ammunition and the sojourn of the soldiers, and the ground part of the caponier went to the slope of the Cherepanova hill. In the mid-nineteenth century in the underground part of the fortress was the prison where political prisoners were kept. There, in addition to cameras, there were punishment cells, in which it was possible to get even simple conversations between prisoners.
In 1863 there were participants of the Polish uprising in 1905 – rebel soldiers Selenga regiment, in 1907 – the soldiers – the rebels battalion. In Diagon caponier carried out the death penalty about Lysogorskiy Fort and buried the same place hanged as criminals was forbidden to bury with the others. For a reason, “Oblique caponier” called “the Kiev Schlisselburg”.
Today in Diagon caponier is the underground exhibition located which is scary from a tiny six-foot punishment cells where he was held guilty. The temperature in these cells was about zero degrees, the prisoner could neither sit nor lie down, as the floor was ice. Among the exhibits you can see old utensils, weapons, uniform of the guards, personal belongings of prisoners and the carriage, which drove suicide bombers in II, the Fort on the penalty.
During the restoration works of the hall consolidated caponier was found that there is a wonderful acoustics, which allowed access to the hall, where evenings of chamber music. In 2004, on the territory of the caponier has opened a Museum of Tripoli culture.