Overview of the painting “Rozh”, Shishkin Ivan Ivanovich, 1878
- Posted by Ivan Ivanovich Shishkin
- Museum: Tretyakov Gallery
- Year: 1878
Overview of the painting :
The face is Shishkin. 1878. Oil on canvas. 107 x 187 cm
First appeared in public during the exhibition of mobile workers, the work immediately consolidated among the masterpieces of Russian painting. Today, perhaps, it is impossible to find a more popular and familiar Russian landscape. What is the secret to the success of the picture?
The author combined in his work two main colors of Russian fine art: blue and gold. This combination was characteristic of Orthodox icons, connected with the image of the world of Gorny, Divine. Based on this symbolic color value, the artist equalizes Russian nature with the divine nature.
Thick greenery of grass on the outskirts of the field, pine crowns in the background emphasize the main color scheme and complete the palette of work.
The symbolic meaning of pines is stamina, the power of life and strength. The trees in the picture appear to be the birth bins guarding the rusty field. The dexonance looks like a dead tree. Most likely, the author, therefore, tried to identify a personal tragedy: shortly before the creation of this work, the artist lost his relatives and very close people (father, wife and two children). This symbolic presence of the author in the work expands the dramatic framework of the picture, makes it more emotional and closer to the viewer.
The work is filled with a summer, sultry atmosphere. A truncator that cuts the field into two parts brings energy to the composition, the presence of a person in the landscape, a special rhythm. Two tiny figures of people allow the viewer to appreciate all the grandeur and greatness of Russian nature.
Heavy, full of life-giving moisture of the cloud, barely appearing on the horizon, carry with them renewal and freshness. A rusty field, pine trees, grass – everything is ready to absorb warm summer rainwater.
In an amazing way, the work makes the viewer “hear” the summer symphony of the Russian field: buzzing bumblebees, jagging swallows, rustling the wind.