Overview of the painting “Stepan Razin”, Surikov, 1906
- Posted by Vasily Ivanovich Surikov
- Museum: Russian Museum
- Year: 1906
Overview of the painting :
Stepan Razin – Vasily Ivanovich Surikov. 1906
Surov and thoughtful Cossack ataman. Neither the song of the Cossack, nor the looted good, nor the captive Persian prince amuses him. The thoughts defeated the rebel. To match the chieftain and the Cossack-robes. Gloomy and captive Persian. He turns away from the proposed chara with hop wine. Only one Cossack is having fun, the one that offers the prince’s charter, in a fit of drunken hospitality. He sleeps, weary of the robbery of the Cossack of heroic addition.
The morning wind filled the sail, the sunrise dyed the river and the air in a bluish pink tone. Serene nature at this early time. But the whole picture is filled with thick and dark anxiety…
On the chieftain, rich clothes are lying on an expensive carpet, behind his faithful associates. What worries the leader so much? Having locked his head with his fist, frowning his eyebrows, he listens to a cobzar song. A heavy look into nowhere, the tense pose of the hero make the viewer feel the internal anxiety.
Compositely Razin opposed to the Persian prince. The hero sees his own future in his captive. The prince, realizing his fate, is doomed to passive. Like an ataman, he does not meet with anyone. With the chieftain, he is separated by an abyss: different origin, different attitudes towards life (a noble Persian conquered fate, the chieftain is going to argue with her).
The author surrounded the Cossack rook with a pacifying and beautiful landscape. Delicate, practical watercolors of the sky, water, coastline, create a light, delicate atmosphere of the morning. There is nothing robber in the images of the Cossacks. Before the viewer, strong but tired of their bitter share people.
Robbery trophies are scattered across the boat, expensive carpets are dipped in the water. The author seems to be trying to say that the Cossacks have no respect for wealth. Will is their only goal. The tragedy is that they do not know what true will is. So the chieftain, which does not have a specific goal, thought about the future. There is nothing rainbow in these thoughts.
A few more scales and the rook will hide behind the horizon. Where, on which shore the chieftain will land, who will become his next victim? Unknown. It is only clear that he will not turn off his road, only a force many times superior to the power of his army will stop this path, the search for “truth”, the desire for true will.
A terrible warning is the picture: popular anger, strong, cruel, uncontrollable, can sweep everyone and everything in their path.