Painting “Brach Grove”, Archip Ivanovich Quinji – overview
- Posted by Arkhip Ivanovich Quinji
- Museum: Tretyakov Gallery
- Year: 1879
Overview of the painting :
Birch Grove – Arkhip Ivanovich Quinji. 1879. Oil on canvas. 97×181 cm
The most famous painting by Archip Quinja “Brachnoy Grove” is the main translator of the main stylistic differences of this painter, the quintessence of his ideas and extraordinary colorful finds.
The painting was created specifically for the 7th exhibition of the Art Mobile Society, and immediately aroused the surprise of the public and the audience – the color solution of the canvas was so unusual for everyone.
Although many liked the joyful, bright mood of the work, it was this picture that was the impulse that divorced the artist with the mobile phones. Soon after the exhibition, an anonymous article appeared in the Molva newspaper under the pseudonym “Lover”, which accused Quinja of a bad taste – the author de too “definishes” her paintings. The article also sounded doubts about Quinja’s talent in principle, and also said that lighting effects are not the result of filigree possession of technology, but the use of lighting devices that hide behind the paintings. The name of the mysterious “Lover” was very soon revealed, he turned out to be a colleague “at the workshop” Quinji, a member of the mobile society M. Clodt.
Quinji demanded the exclusion of the offender from the composition of the mobile, however, no one reacted to this request, and Archip Ivanovich left on his own. However, biographers agree that the conflict between Quinji and Claudet was just an occasion – the painter has long gone too far over the social and distinctive framework of art promoted by society, and the “Brach Grove” is a vivid confirmation of this.
Having conceived the plot, which was used in his work by a great many Russian artists (Levitan, Shishkin, Savrasov), the master for a long time sought the perfect composition – this is evidenced by the preserved sketches and sketches. By these artifacts you can trace how the author chose the height of the trees, the area of the clearing, thought how much space to give under the forest. That is, there is nothing spontaneous in this picture, it is the fruit of a verified artistic thought and not a captive work.
What is the decorativeness of the picture? If you pay attention to groups of birch trees, which are accurately placed on the canvas, or rather on the base of the trunks, you can notice how they are intentionally stacked, which creates some convention. Decorativeness also manifests itself in static – foliage on trees seems to have frozen, and the air is so transparent that it is obvious: there is not a single wind blow in the meadow. The thicket in the depths of the picture is devoid of detail – this is a dark green wall designed to shade color contrasts.
But all beauty lies in piercing greenery and sunlight. The artist deliberately “laid” the shadow to the fore, further emphasizing the contrast with the sun-drenched clearing.
You do not immediately notice the stream with greenish water, although it flows in the very center – it seems that the sun is breaking through the crown of trees, thus transforming the path. However, the fleshing mirror surface confirms that it is the stream that conditionally divides the canvas into two halves.
The author used clean bright colors, and if you look fragmented, it seems that they are simply sometimes simply unrealistic, but just to look around the canvas with a wide look, you feel this sunny bright day almost physically.
Quinja, with its decorativeness, simplification, innovative use of color power, was in many ways ahead of its time, and therefore not everyone immediately accepted the work, although it was the “Brach Grove” that was destined to become the “visiting card” of the artist.
And this is true – the “beer” theme has not let the painter go all her life. In addition to the most famous work, there are five more with the same name, of which only two are considered finished. The third picture caused the biggest controversy – in addition to the vertical format, there is a search in the field of symbolism … but this is a completely different story.