“Portrait of Peter I”, Alexey Petrovich Antropov – overview
- Posted by Alexey Petrovich Antropov
- Museum: Russian Museum
- Year: 1770
Overview of the painting :
Portrait of Peter I – Alexey Petrovich Antropov. Oil on canvas. 268 x 159 cm
AND. P. Antropov is a portrait painter of the 18th century. In his service at the Holy Synod, Aleksey Petrovich fulfilled orders of the spiritual supreme body for writing ceremonial portraits of Russian emperors.
The portrait of Peter I refers to the late work of the master and is made in accordance with all the canons of this genre. The sovereign is depicted in full growth in the uniform of the Preobrazhensky regiment, in a luxurious, knocked down ermine, mantle, on the chest – the order of St. Andrew the First-Called, established by Peter himself.
The face of Peter I Antropov copied from the famous lifetime portrait of the Russian emperor of the brush of the French artist J. M. Dress. And if the Frenchman portrays Peter I at a young age, in the brilliance of military glory, then Antropov rethinks this image and writes a great statesman with attributes of imperial power.
This is the royal throne to the right of the emperor. On the left on the table, covered with scarlet velvet, are the royal regalia – the crown of the Russian Empire, the scepter and the power. Since the Holy Synod was the customer of the painting, Peter points to the open book – “Spiritual Rules”, in accordance with which this higher church body was formed. The emperor’s gesture is eloquent and speaks of the need to enforce the law.
In the background on the left, the artist depicted a window overlooking the Peter and Paul Fortress and the ship at the pier. This is a reminder of the creation by the State Duma of St. Petersburg and the Russian fleet, which helped turn Russia into an empire. On the right is a column traditional for the ceremonial portrait with heavy draperies caught with a golden cord with brushes.
The artist masterfully transmits the play of light and shadow, trying to show the depth of space. Warm red and golden tones give a picture of luxury and solemnity. Against this background, the dark figure of the emperor looks impressive and with dignity.
The portrait of Peter I was created in the style of classicism, which is typical for the late works of Anthropov. Now the picture is in the State Russian Museum.