Portrait of the infanta Margarita, daughter of Philip IV – Diego Velazquez, 1655
- Posted by Diego Velazquez
- Museum: Louvre
- Year: 1655
Overview of the painting :
Portrait of the infanta Margarita, daughter of Philip IV – Diego Velazquez. 1655. Oil on canvas. 70×59
The central place in the work of the famous Spanish painter Diego Velazquez belongs to the portrait genre. As a court artist of the Spanish monarch, he often wrote members of the royal family and their associates.
Velazquez created a whole gallery of portraits of infanta Margarita, the future empress of the Holy Roman Empire. There are only four years on this canvas of young infanta. In accordance with the tradition of the ceremonial official portrait, the master must portray her cold-detached person, aware of his high position and accustomed to behave in accordance with a strict court etiquette. With the static posture of a girl so unusual for a child, given as prescribed by the genre to a person in strict terms, Velazquez’s picture strikes the author with a warm sincere attitude to his small model. Sweet swelling of children’s cheeks, gentle oval of the face, fluffy loose hair, running on the shoulders with soft waves – such a painter saw the heiress of the Spanish throne.
Margarita Teresa of Spain, becoming the empress of the Holy Roman Empire at the age of 14, lived a short life. Having given birth to six children, she died at the age of 21.