Scary court, Fra Angelico
- Posted by Fra Angelico
- Museum: San Marco Museum (Florence)
- Year: Beginning of 1430
Overview of the painting :
The terrible court is Fra Angelico. Beginning of 1430
A terrible court was written by Fra Angelico in the early 1430s. for the church of Santa Maria della Angeli in Florence. The prospect of two rows of empty graves going into the dark sky creates the dramatic effect of space and a bad feeling about it. In the center, surrounded by angels, we see Christ as a judge, Holy Virgin and St. John in his traditional places – on both sides of him. Under them, two crowds – blessed and damned – have already taken their places. Angels gathered to bring the souls of the blessed to heaven, this symbolizes their round dance against the backdrop of the paradise landscape. On the contrary of them are depicted cursed, strayed in horror from demons, drawing them on the eternal torment of Hell.
FEAR COURT. The scripture prophesies that everyone will appear before Christ, and he “separates some from others as a shepherd separates the sheep [believers] from the goats [unbelievers]; and put the sheep on his right side, and the goats on his left. ”. In the churches of the late Middle Ages and Renaissance, the Last Judgment was traditionally depicted on the wall at the western entrance or nearby as a reminder of the departed flock. Christ leads the meeting as a judge, sitting on a throne surrounded by apostles. Near him may be the Virgin Mary as an intercessor, St. Peter with the keys to paradise and angels with the tools of the Passion of Christ. Above Christ are the ranks of angels or saints, and below him Michael holds the scales on which human souls weigh. Angels blow the pipes, convening the dead. At the bottom of such a composition there may be open graves to let out the souls of the dead, blessed ones soar in a circular motion clockwise at the right hand of Christ. On the left hand from Christ, unbelievers are sent to Hell. In Hell, Satan devours and spews sinners, while they are tortured and tortured in accordance with the prescribed punishment. Michelangelo’s terrible court (1536-1541; Sistine Chapel, Vatican, Rome) is traditionally located on the behind-the-m wall. Perhaps this was done to prevent those who challenged the supremacy of the Pope after the Reformation. Here Christ ceases to be a passive figure: before us is the image of an angry Christ, who sweeps humanity to hell with one terrible movement of his hand. This is a day of anger, not a day of pity, and the justice of this heavenly judgment is the implacable severity of God.