Visitors of the State Hermitage Museum have a unique opportunity to explore the best examples of sculpture, created by artists for all time of existence of intelligent life on Earth. Perhaps, the State Hermitage Museum – the only Museum in the world offering the opportunity.
Collection of small plastic prehistoric era in the Hermitage one of the largest in the world. More than twenty figurines “Venus” of the stone age are rightly proud of the Museum. The permanent exhibition of the Museum has stone and bone sculptures. Among all items related to this era, we can note the plastic works of the Scythian masters.
The Egyptian section of the Museum has dozens of sculptures representing all periods of development of the “country of pyramids”. Burial, temple, decorative sculptures, filled with significance, the majestic simplicity and the Regal tranquillity that allow the viewer to feel the depth and diversity of ancient art. String of gods, pharaohs, priests, officials, nobles of the Egyptians are representative of strictly canonical and at the same time realistic art of the greatest civilization of antiquity.
Not to mention the collection of sculptures of Babylon and Assyria. Despite the fact that the collection of plastics of this age is very modest, but the monumental bas-reliefs, as well as several figures of gods americatesla are the best examples of art from Mesopotamia.
A collection of antique sculpture, the Hermitage is able to impress the most jaded art critic. The core of the collection are Roman copies of Greek sculptures. There are a few of the original sculptures found in the area of the black sea coast, a large collection of terracotta figurines found during the excavations in Greece.
Special attention of visitors is attracted by a copy of the famous statue of Zeus. Antique sculptures are images of gods and expertly made tomb figures, and sculptural portraits.
The whole history of ancient art in hundreds of masterpieces made of marble and bronze. Archaic harmony and the static gives way to the Majesty and inner drama of the classics. Inner fullness and psychology of Roman sculptural portraits follows the emotion and energy of the sculptures of Hellenism.
Interesting and exquisite Byzantine collection of the Museum: “the good shepherd”, reliefs that represent scenes of everyday life, the famous diptych (bone carving) – all exhibits valuable artifacts of the Byzantine Empire.
The medieval sculpture of the Hermitage behind other collections of the Museum. In this section more interesting to explore the East exposure (China, Japan), according to European sculptural models, that most of the time these items are stored in the vaults, and they exhibited only during specially organized exhibitions.
As to the sculpture of the Italian Renaissance, the Hermitage is a leader in the wealth of sculptures of this era. Noteworthy Michelangelo’s sculpture “Crouching boy”, as well as several works of masters of the “second order”.
Unlike the Renaissance, the Baroque art in the Hermitage is unusually wide. This is due to the time of construction and arrangement of the Winter Palace, when the Baroque was relevant and fashionable style.
Rastrelli, Bernini, Domenico Guidi, of Rusconi, Legros, and many others reveal emotional and plastic vision of a man in the era of lush and ceremonial style.
Sculpture of classicism, the Hermitage presents the most complete and varied. In addition to the Western masters, the exhibition can be seen works of Russian sculptors.
Plastic art Nouveau is represented in the Hermitage several brilliant work of Rodin, Maillol and other samples of the style.
The exposition of contemporary sculpture of the Hermitage can not compete with large specialized collections of the museums of Europe and America. However, due to the constantly evolving exhibitions from the collections of other museums, visitors to the Hermitage have the opportunity to get familiar with this section of the world of art.
From the sculptural masterpieces of the famous Russian Museum can be called, in addition to the mentioned works, the following: head of Socrates (Ancient Greece), “Apollo and Daphne” (by Bernini), of the Three graces (Canova), a sculptural portrait of Voltaire (Houdon) “Cupid with a jug” (Falcone), Eternal spring (Roden).
The sculpture collection of the Hermitage is the most complete and valuable in Russia. At the same time, without a doubt, the Museum is, first and foremost, a repository of the greatest masterpieces of painting.
The Museum shop offers to buy miniature copies of many of the sculptural pieces made in marble or bronze.