Like any island culture, Japan is special in everything. It is known that the sculpture appeared here before painting and the traditions of this art form is very ancient and old.
Most of the inhabitants of the “land of the rising sun” and follow the Shinto religious beliefs. However, Buddhists there are also many. Daibutsu – giant Buddha statues – the pride and the great value of Japanese culture. The oldest statues (7th century BC) – Asuka Daibutsu – performed remarkably realistic. The facial features are “enlightened” of complete peace and great knowledge. Job makes a strong impression, despite the fact that several times subjected to restoration. It is surprising that this image of Buddha is quite uncanonical, his features look unusual.
Another, no less ancient statue (8th century BC), is located in the todaiji temple in Nara. It is a sculpture with a height of almost 15 metres made in strict aesthetics of canonical sculptures. It is known that this sculpture was intended to protect people from natural disasters and epidemics that struck Japan in the middle of the 8th century. For casting of the statue was used all bronze produced in the country. And in the construction of the temple and the production of sculpture were employed over two million people.
Ushiku daibutsu is the largest Buddha statue in Japan. The total height of the sculpture with pedestal and lotosovy the basement – 120 meters. The sculpture was in 1995 in the city of Ushiku, about 50 kilometers from the Japanese capital. The creation of this masterpiece took about six thousand bronze plates. And eye length – 2.5 meters.
Speaking of Japanese sculpture, not to mention miniature work – netsuke and okimono.
Small figurines, designed to serve a special remote control that supports small box for small things to carry (in this kimono has no pockets), are the real works of art. Of all types of netsuke only a few can be considered sculptures is Katamari (image of people, animals), anabol (multi-figure compositions, carved as if by the oyster), the man (theatrical masks). In fact, it is hard to find a real, old netsukes, often in the souvenir shops there are only the plastic forming. Although many museums you can buy excellent copies of old netsuke for 35-40 dollars (the cost of this collector’s item can reach hundreds of thousands of dollars).
Unlike netsuke, okimono is carved figurine for table decoration, interior. The stories can be very different: the image of the Shinto gods, animals, vegetables and fruits. Each sculpture is done very subtly, gracefully. It is known that okimono were collected Bitter.
Modern sculpture of Japan extraordinarily varied and interesting.
Hiroo Amano is one of the most famous sculptors in Japan. His works are fine examples of surrealist art.
Takashi Murakami – an example of success and popularity. His work is in the style of neo-pop art has gained recognition in Europe. The sculpture “My Lonesome Cowboy” was sold at auction for fifteen million dollars.
Of Masayuki Nagare is an artist and samurai. His sculpture “Cloud fortress”, set in new York, was destroyed in the terrorist attack in 2001.
Koun Takamura is the author of the monument to the greatest samurai of Japan – Saigo Takamori, who was installed in one of the parks in Tokyo. Powerful, powerful piece, modest clothing. Only the sword at the waist of the sculpture talks about the military career of the hero. Next to the samurai dog, symbol of loyalty and devotion. It is interesting that the sculptor had portrayed a cold-blooded war, the face of the hero is good-natured, even cheerful.