The Paris residence of French kings for over a Millennium has long been the richest collection of masterpieces of world art. The Museum exposition it is impossible to explore in one day, but one day on the study this Museum is the “organized” tourists.
As for sculpture, represented in the Museum, the most reasonable in the Louvre – focus on the main masterpieces of plastic, around which focuses the attention of visitors. Exposure of the French Treasury are placed in chronological order in each section there is something that you cannot miss.
The Egyptian collection of the Louvre one of the most impressive in the world. But the most outstanding are two works of the ancient masters:
- Statue of Ramses II – fascinating for its precision, realism and grandeur. The great conqueror of the Hittites is brought before the audience a deliberately harsh and calm. The sculpture wonderfully captures the mood and atmosphere of the harsh times of the great wars and equally great soldiers;
- Sculpture of a seated scribe – hard to find a school textbook on the history of the Ancient world, which would not be pictures of this famous statue. The viewer is striking, first and foremost, incredibly alive and inspired face of the scribe. In his eyes the dedication and willingness to proceed immediately to his duties. This sculpture is the model of the ancient realism.
In this category sculptures of the Louvre the first one is the Venus de Milo and Nike of Samothrace.
The first is considered the antique ideal of female beauty. On Venus, devoid of hands, is a legend: the sculptor has long sought the model for the statue of the goddess of love found her on the island of Milos, fell in love with her without memory, and when the statue was ready, unlucky in love flung herself into her arms, angry with such a disrespectful attitude toward his statue, Aphrodite transformed the statue, which strangled the unfortunate wizard. Thus died the author of the great sculptures, and the latter remained without hands.
Sculpture Nike of Samothrace – a riddle for artists: several attempts were made to restore the statue to its original form – Nick tried to attach the hands, but each time the sculpture is completely lost its dynamism and striving upward. Attempts to “improve” the ancient masterpiece was abandoned and today nick Samothrace appeared before the audience in the form in which it was discovered by archaeologists.
The middle ages
Medieval sculpture displayed in the Museum are very wide: rough stone Romanesque crucifixes, tombstones, sculptures that adorned the ancient churches and monasteries.
In this category particular attention should be given to the sculpture “Philip’s Tomb”. Eight mourners carrying the weight of the deceased Burgundian nobleman. Despite the nobility of origin and great deeds in life, the name of this knight is known thanks to the unknown master who executed his tombstone with extraordinary reverence and respect for the individual customer.
The superiority in the richness of collections of this era in Europe belongs, of course, Italy. However, in the Louvre you can see a number of undoubted masterpieces of Renaissance.
The main wealth of the Museum in this category two well-known works of Michelangelo: “the Rebellious slave” and “Dying slave.” Originally intended to decorate the tomb of one of the popes, this work was not included in the final composition. Works opposite of a Rebellious slave is determined and the energy – the audience is impressed with the dynamics and the desperate tension of the figure, imbued with sympathy; dying – apathetic, his rejection of any struggle causes the viewer with sorrow and pity. A special “handwriting” of the great sculptor, his great knowledge of anatomy, make his work particularly dramatic and realistic.
Baroque, Rococo and classicism
Styles of 18th and 19th century found in France its best embodiment. That is why, among the masterpieces of the Louvre this era stand out sculptures by French masters.
The sculpture “Cupid and Psyche” is decorated with a collection of plastic not only in the Louvre but also in the Hermitage. It is known that Canova created two of the same work within a few years. The Louvre owns an early work.
In addition to this undoubted masterpiece of the Museum rooms full of beautiful examples of sculptures of the 18th and 19th centuries: numerous interior work, a series of sculptural portraits. Great names, great work. This section of the Louvre is unusually extensive.
Tourists are recommended to devote to the study halls of Baroque and classicism a separate day so as not to get tired enough to close in aesthetics and content of work.
Unfortunately, the Louvre is practically not represented, the art of modern and contemporary sculpture. But in Paris there is a Museum entirely devoted to this period in art history.