- Date of birth: 2 APR 1891
- Date of death: 1 APR 1976
- Country: Germany
In a modest and very religious family of Ernst in the small town of brühl to the Hobbies of the type of painting treated leniently, but never a serious lesson for life is not considered. The father, the teacher of the school for the deaf, and in his spare time loved to paint pictures of spiritual content. He once portrayed his son in the form of the Christ child. The picture was a success, friends praised. But neither the father nor the son did not know how far their content will be this picture from life.
Max Ernst left behind a vast not only artistic but also literary heritage. His literary experiments today allow viewers to better understand its complex patterns, from which it is impossible to tear sight.
In childhood Max loved the woods that surrounded his home town. In the children’s minds, a huge space imprinted in a horrible cell, which is enclosed by numerous animals. Later, these children’s fears will be realized in many works of the artist, and experiments with the space will make the work of Ernst truly unique and revolutionary.
The second case made such a strong impression that the images of paintings by max Ernst as his entire creative life bore the imprint of this child’s tragedy and the first philosophical experiments. On the day of birth of the youngest sister of the future artist died beloved parakeet max. Child tied those two events together, arguing that a newborn took the life of the bird. The bird – favorite allegory paintings of Ernst.
Parents saw the son of a psychologist or a philosopher. So he was sent to study at the University of Bonn. Max psychology interested only because of the opportunity to visit the clinic for the mentally ill. Art lovers interested in the work of sick minds. It was at this time Max chooses painting as a primary occupation in life. From time to time, the young artist forced his choice to hide in order to keep financial help from the father.
Germany of the early 20th century was not a trendsetter in the art, giving it the championship of France. Despite this, Ernst finds the home of associates. Young and creative people choose Dadaism, hooligan direction of modernism, popular in France and Spain. One of the exhibitions hosted in the famous beer of Cologne ended in scandal. Visitors are asked to remove indecent pictures. The story hit the Newspapers, the father learned that his son left the University and stopped all support. There came hard times for max.
During his long life, Ernst has worked with Breton and Dalí, Braque and Picasso. He designed the scenery for “Russian seasons of Diaghilev”, starred in a movie by buñuel.
For many years Max Ernst was forced to live in the position of being an illegal immigrant in France. And after the Second World war and even to leave the continent, to move to America. By this time among his friends was not only poor artists and professional critics. Fate brought him to Peggy Guggenheim, a wealthy owner of galleries around the world. The relationship of patron and talented “crazy” turned into married, though not for long…
After the war, Max Ernst returned to Europe already well-known and recognized master. Home artist go, settling in France. There he died.
In the history of world art Max Ernst came in, as the Creator of a number of techniques of modern painting, multiple art direction, which still exist, are not lost in thousands postmodernistic styles. Recognized as a genius of collage, Ernst was the first to use in creating compositions “decals”. His ability to “connect the unconnected” still delights audiences, and his works adorn the collections of not only modern art gallery, but also the most conservative museums in the world.