The Golden gate Museum in Kyiv, Ukraine
- Country: Ukraine
- City: Kiev
- Address: St. Vladimirskaya, 40A
One of the attractions of Kiev – the Golden gate. The construction of this building began during the reign of Yaroslav the Wise in 1163. 500 years this monument has played the role of defensive constructions and none of the enemies could not cross its boundary. Over the years the building gradually collapsed, compared with the earth. Only in 1832 K. lokhvitskiy, being an archaeologist, found the Golden gate, and now they are an integral part of the center of Kiev.
In 2007, inside of this building was opened the Museum “Golden gate”. In this Museum, visitors have the opportunity to look at vast interiors, to see the Museum exhibits which tell about the history and architecture of the Golden gate. You can also see the walls of the 11th century (at that time, they were once the us), to climb the stairs to the Church of the Annunciation and see the modern panorama of Kiev from the battlements.
On the first floor of the Museum are exhibits that tell about the history of construction, reconstruction and existence of the Golden gate. In the reign of Yaroslav the Wise, the gate was the main, and even the main entrance to the city of Kiev. In the exhibition about the construction tell you that, have become the gate were covered with earth, but in 1832 they dug up an archaeologist lokhvitskiy and architect Mihevic strengthened their iron rails. In the late 20th century adopted the decision on the construction of a protective pavilion over the Golden gate. Group of conservators worked on restoration of the original appearance of the ancient monument, and they succeeded. The opening of the pavilion and the restored gate was held in 1982, this event was specially attached to the 1500-anniversary of Kiev. During the construction of the pavilion to preserve the ancient masonry, it was decided on the construction of a new design over it. The main part of the Golden gate were made in the form of a tower with battlements, and the visible facade of the tower has an additional ledge, the so-called “small tower”. Wooden lattice, which can be raised, was bound metal and, if anything, could block the passage with one hand, with the other fare peregorazhivanie doors of the gate, which was made similar to ancient gates.
In the main part of the exposition of the Museum “Golden gate” you can see a demonstration of the remnants of the walls of the old Golden gate. Tour in this part of the Bastille illustrates not only the background stands but also audio and video materials, which tell about the history of the Golden gate.
Still the fact remains that in addition to its main defensive objectives, the gate is also operated as a triumphal arch. It was there held important meetings with foreign ambassadors and guests to make them respect and fear the power of Kievan Rus, and accompanied the soldiers in the battles with the enemy army.
On the second and third floor, during the tour, visitors talk and show old Russian weapons that defended the soldiers that once defended Kiev. The opportunity to see pottery, clothes, warriors and princes of the epoch of Yaroslav the Wise.