“The Lamb of God”, Francisco de Surbaran – overview of the painting
- Posted by Francisco de Surbaran
- Museum: Private collection
- Year: 1640
Overview of the painting :
The Lamb of God is Francisco de Surbaran. Oil on canvas. 35.6 x 52 cm
Francisco de Surbaran, called “Spanish Caravaggio”, master of still lifes and religious painting. All its canvases are simple in compositional design, it does not have complex plots, still lifes are concise and are made in the same range of colors.
But anyone who sees his picture “The Lamb of God” will definitely stop and freeze in admiration for the technique of performance, but to a greater extent – from the symbolic, sacred meaning that it carries in itself. After all, an animal that is intended as a sacrifice in the Old Testament is called the “sparel lamb”, brought to the glory of God. And in the New Testament, John the Baptist directly points to Christ, calling him the Lamb of God (Agnus Dei), who will take on the whole sin of the world.
The artist depicts the lamb as a symbol of meekness, kindness, innocence and integrity, which in Christianity is endowed with Jesus Christ, who sacrificed in the name of mankind.
The paws of an animal brought to the slaughter are tied with a cross, reminding us that the son of God died on the cross. And also, like Christ, the animal reconciled with its fate, knowing about its inevitability.
Surbaran always wrote only from nature, and in this work he does not depart from his rules. The naturalism of the image is amazing. The total relief of the animal is shown with the help of deep shadows and light. His horns are convex and rosary. The eyes are semi-closed with bright eyelashes and reflect humility to fate. The feeling that the pale pink nose of the lamb is wet and breathing is very real.
In writing the hair of an animal, the painter simply surpasses himself – every villi and curl is so materialistic that you involuntarily want to reach out and stroke her. Of course, this work is the masterpiece of the work of Francisco de Surbarana.
The author wrote several more reproductions from this picture, which speaks of the genius of the artist, who was evaluated not only by descendants, but also by his contemporaries.