The natural history Museum in London
- Country: England
- City: London
- Address: Cromwell Rd, London SW7 5BD
The emergence of the natural history Museum, or as it is sometimes called, the natural history Museum in London was preceded by the creation in 1759, the British Museum. It happened after Hans Sloane, the famous physician and naturalist, gave his huge collection to the people of Britain and Parliament had agreed on the opening of the Museum. He then settled in Montague house in Bloomsbury – one of London districts.
The growing number of exhibits all the time were forced to expand the exhibition areas, while in 1845 it was not decided on the allocation of part of the exhibits in private museums. And in 1880 in Kensington district of London, was erected the present majestic building designed by captain Francis Foca, and in 1881 began work. In 1963 the natural history Museum gained full autonomy from the British Museum.
Today its vast area (over 6 hectares), there are more than 70 million exhibits relating to the life Sciences and Earth. 5 major exhibitions, including Zoology, palaeontology, entomology, botany and Mineralogy – this is the structure of the Museum. Especially notable collection of Darwin. Central to the exhibits is a paleontological collection, with more than 9 million items. The prelude to it was the huge skeleton of a Diplodocus that stands in the center of the main hall. Its length is 26 meters, and its image has become almost a symbol of the Museum.
Exactly paleontological exposition with its unique collection of giant skeletons of ancient dinosaurs and made the Museum famous worldwide. The star of the paleontological collection is a mechanized model of a Tyrannosaurus Rex, prokladyvalas in the gloom of the hall.
It also presents a huge (more than 55 million copies) collection of animals and insects. It includes an updated collection of the Darwin centre. The most famous of the collection – “big Archie”, the giant, length 8.62 m, Kalmar. Constant attention is and a copy of the 30-meter blue whale attached to the ceiling. Here is a huge collection of different butterflies and plants.
In the section devoted to Geology of the Earth has collected more than half a million of different minerals as occurring on our planet and in meteorites. Among the collections of natural crystals you can wander for hours. The stands and the photos tell about the Geology and structure of the Earth. There is even a room where you can attend during the “earthquake.”
However, no matter how awesome and not a magnificent collection of this unique Museum, and its popularity is such that on Sundays getting there is difficult because of the influx of visitors, judging by the reviews, much greater delight it causes in children and the younger generation than the adults, unfortunately.
I dare say that the Zoological Museum in St. Petersburg will be interesting for those who liked the London science Museum.