The painting “Gumno”, Alexey Gavrilovich Venetianov
- Posted by Alexey Gavrilovich Venetsyanov
- Museum: Russian Museum
- Year: 1821/1822
Overview of the painting :
Gumno – Alexey Gavrilovich Venetianov. 1821/1822. Oil on canvas. 66.5×80.5
Alexey Gavrilovich Venetianov (1780-1847) is the initiator of the domestic genre in Russian painting. The theme of his work was the harmony of the world of nature and peasant life, beated and ennobled. Having left the service in the capital, Venetianov moved to the village, where, observing the life of the peasants, he created a series of works full of idealism and unbridled exaltation.
Gumno is lovingly depicted by an artist. The mizanszenes, built by the painter on the canvas, present to the audience the types of daily peasant labor, but they do not have a hint of the severity and routine of life in the village. The actions captured by the artist are not so dynamic, seem to be a non-sensor, contemplative nature, thereby raising the topic of labor to its epic reading . Each resident of the village contributes a little to the cultivation of common land and harvesting. The theme of agriculture and fertility in the work of Venetianov takes on sacred sound.
Compared to the historical painting of contemporaries on ancient topics (F. paintings. AND. Bruni, K. P. Brullova, A. P. Losenko and others) the canvases of Venetianov became a true discovery for the metropolitan audience of the first half of the 19th century. The art school created by the master for gifted young people (including serfs) belongs to the phenomena of culture of this time.