The painting “Hyitarist-bobyl”, Perov – overview
- Author: Vasily Grigoryevich Perov
- Museum: Russian Museum
- Year: 1865
Overview of the painting :
The warlord is Vasily Grigoryevich Perov. Oil on canvas. 31.2 x 22 cm
Picture B. G. The feather “Hytharist-bobyl” is very characteristic of the artist’s work: it reflects an important social theme, in one image covers the entire history of human life.
The canvas depicts a middle-aged man sorting through strings on a guitar. He sits at the table with a bottle and a glass, the viewer does not see other items of the interior.
The guitarist himself is hunched over, dirty hair is confused. A person from prolonged drunkenness yellowed and covered with wrinkles, his gaze directed nowhere. The color scheme consists of brown and yellow shades, which emphasizes the painful and desperate mood of the picture.
The picture immerses the viewer in the most uncomfortable, hopeless atmosphere. The hero is wrapped in a tulup – he is cold, even though he is indoors, and this indicates a lack of heating and a poverty of beans. The simplest furniture, emptiness in the room also indicate poverty, but even more so – loneliness, the void is already sincere, which only the sounds of the guitar can somehow fill.
Having portrayed such a character, Perov drew attention to the problem of universal drunkenness in Russia. It became especially relevant after 1863, when Alexander II abolished the state monopoly on alcohol production. As a result, alcohol has fallen in price and has become more accessible, which has led to rapid degradation of the population.
Details allow you to better penetrate the theme raised by the Peer. For example, a tulup is by no means a cheap thing for his time; before, only wealthy people wore it. So, once the hero of the picture had a decent income. But those times have long passed, and now the guitarist does not care how worthy he looks: the tulup isodran, the papyros are scattered across the floor.
Perov created a psychological portrait of a hero, gripped by grief and despair, conveyed the mood of the time when people were deprived of any hope for the future.