The painting “Run”, Alexey Venetianov – overview
- Posted by Alexey Gavrilovich Venetsyanov
- Museum: Russian Museum
- Year: End 1820
Overview of the painting :
Reapers – Alexey Gavrilovich Venetianov. Oil on canvas. 66.7 x 55 cm
AND. G. In his work, Benjamin paid much attention to the description of the life of serfs. He has several paintings dedicated to field work. One of them is “Wives.”.
The plot of the picture is very poetic. In short moments of rest, the peasants, mother and son, admire the butterflies that sat on the woman’s hand. Perhaps Aleksey Gavrilovich spied such a scene in life, walking in the fields near his estate, and she was so impressed by the artist that he decided to create such a work.
The models were real people – serf peasants, mother and son (Anna and Zahar Stepanov). We can see the boy in another famous film of Venetianov “Zakharka”.
“Wives” is a bright work filled with quiet joy from the contemplation of the beauty of nature. Compositely Venetians bring the figures of mother and son to the fore, they fill almost the entire space of the picture, ripping the attention of the audience. In the background are ears of wheat.
Although the plot itself is somewhat idealized, critics reproached the artist for no time, he portrayed real people, with his distinctive features, individual character. It can be seen with what love and respect the Venetians writes them.
The boy’s face is difficult to call beautiful, it is rude in the Peasant, tanned from work under the scorching sun. But with what direct childhood admiration he looks at butterflies. His smart face involuntarily attracts his eyes. Zakhara Venetianov depicts having a craving for a beautiful and genuine children’s interest in the world around him. Although he is young, his hands are already crushed by a heavy peasant share. But with what tenderness he takes on his mother, how many sons of love are in this gesture.
A woman looks tired, but her ugly, rustic face illuminates a half smile. She patiently waits until her son admires butterflies. Her gaze expresses care and maternal love. She looks at her son from the height of her past years, and if everything is new for him, then she realizes that there will be few such bright moments in his life. The artist wrote out the peasant’s outfit with attention to detail: a sundress, a white shirt, a yellow scarf. I didn’t forget about the beads and the modest ring on my finger.
Butterflies are painted like living, about to flutter and fly out of the picture. This underlines the transience of the moment of meeting the beautiful. The sickles in the hands of the peasants close the composition, outlining an invisible circle and focusing the attention of the viewer on the faces of the heroes.
Venetianov portrayed serfs as people with a thin mental organization, able to experience deep emotions in relation to nature and to each other. His heroes are beautiful internally, not externally. It is not surprising that his work was not met among contemporaries with worthy recognition. The serfs were then in the position of slaves. Nevertheless, Venetianov, one of the first artists, expressed in his works the strength of spirit, dignity, inner beauty of a simple people.
The artist presented the “Zhnetsov” as a gift to Emperor Alexander I for the Hermitage. Later, the picture was transferred to the State Russian Museum, where it is stored now.