- Date of birth: 14 may 1727
- Date of death: 2 August 1788
- Country: England
Thomas Gainsborough, the famous English portraitist of the 18th century. He was born in 1727 in English a large family.
The talent for painting, the boy began to manifest in early childhood. There was no such tree, rock, ravine, roadside post, which he did not remember and would not have painted them with precision, by heart.
When Thomas turned 13, he went to study in London. Here the boy learns from a well-known portraitist Francis Hyman. Significantly influenced his work and the French printmaker and painter Hubert was Gravel taught by Gainsborough French Rococo style. But the greatest influence on the style of creativity of Thomas had the painter Antoine Watteau. The first paintings of the young artist were small landscapes which he often gave to the merchants for a penny. Then Gainsborough began drawing portraits.
The early work with original artist’s signature was painted in 1745. In a landscape was depicted a portrait of a bull Terrier, and on the other side of the picture, Thomas signed the “Wonderful smart dog.” At the same time was drawn and the portrait of the owner of the dog – Henry hill.
Over time, Gainsborough began to succeed, and in 1745 he already has his own workshop. In July 1746 19-year-old artist creates family.
Soon, Thomas returned to his homeland, where his father died. But after that sad event came and joyful – the artist was born the first daughter who was named Marie. Together with his family after some time he moved to Ipswich, where the light appears, his second daughter, Margaret.
The main income of Gainsbro were the portraits, in the style which he imitated Hogarth. From him he learned the immediacy of perception, thinking more about the similarities, trying to draw everyday human form.
In early 1760, after moving to the resort town of bath, Thomas is becoming very popular. He paints portraits and does a lot of orders for local and Metropolitan aristocracy. During this period, his works influenced van Dyck, but over time the artist develops his own style. Portraits of Thomas fanned by lightness, elegance and refinement.
Works Gainsborough exhibited regularly in London. Especially popular in this period are “Eliza and Thomas Line” and “Lady in blue”. In 1770 the artist paints the famous portrait of “Blue boy”, where the scenery is matched to boy in a suit of blue color.
Three years later, Thomas finally moved to London. Even King George the third starts to patronize the artist. It should be noted that in the creative works of Gainsborough greater role played by the landscape, unlike other portrait painters. In his last years of life, Thomas writes a tender, sometimes sentimental portraits of peasants and children, landscapes and genre scenes. Died famous artist in August 1788.