Three graces, Rubens – a description of the picture
- Posted by Peter Paul Rubens
- Museum: Prado Museum
- Year: 1639
Description of the picture :
Three graces – Rubens. 1639. Wood, butter. 221×181
In the 1630s, Rubens departs from noisy secular life and creates in solitude at Stan Castle. Here appears one of the most famous works of the painter – “Three graces”.
Today, the picture does not stop surprising – the name with content for a modern viewer, brought up on the standards of beauty inherent in our time, is very different. Meanwhile, the female bodies of Rubens are a whole layer for art history. The artist always painted female nature straightforward, honest and open. His naked bodies are relaxed, but not vulgar, erotic, but not vulgar. Rubens believed that the human body is the creation of God and it is shy to portray it, so to be ashamed of this creation, which was simply unthinkable for a religious artist.
Heroins of the picture are antique graces moving in a smooth dance. Surprisingly, everyone who considers the canvas can clearly feel how much the artist admires their slightly full-fledged bodies. This author’s delight is so contagious that no matter what canons of beauty exist, the viewer involuntarily begins to admire the heroines of the plot. Soft lines, elegant body movements, bends full of blacks – all this is a hymn to the beauty of the female body. As a statement to this, we see woven flowers over the heads of heroines that composely echo their bodies woven in dance.
It is known that the grace located on the left, the master painted from nature – this is the second wife of Rubens Elena Furman. The author just got married and bathed in newfound happiness.
Rubens himself loved this picture very much and did not want to part with it, so the canvas hung in the artist’s house. Only after his death was the picture put up for sale, and the first buyer was the Spanish king Philip IV. So the Three Graces were taken to Spain, where they still “inhabit”.