“Undeference Conception,” Francisco de Surbaran – overview of the painting

“Undeference Conception,” Francisco de Surbaran – overview of the painting
“Undeference Conception,” Francisco de Surbaran - overview of the painting - 1

    • Posted by Francisco de Surbaran
    • Museum: Prado Museum
    • Year: Around 1630

Overview of the painting :

Immaculate Conception – Francisco de Surbaran. Around 1630. Oil on canvas. 128×89

Creating a “ abstract” image of the Virgin Mary, the great Spaniard Francisco de Surbaran, as a true Catholic, sought simplicity and expressiveness, naturalness and unambiguity, not forgetting the aesthetic component. The master’s plan is simple and ambiguous at the same time – before us is Mary, the future mother of Christ the Savior, but with the appearance of a simple Spanish girl, a little angular and modest. Maria’s clothes are also simple and chaste, which corresponds to the image of a girl whose miracle of birth, and her entire subsequent life, are undivided with God.

The artist departs from the usual plot of the Annunciation and depicts only the Eternal Virgin, floating above the ground, surrounded by flickering stars and supernatural, unearthly, golden light. From the Holy Spirit descends to the earth the Savior of the World and begins his earthly journey.

The composition of the canvas is simple and balanced: the figure of the Virgin Mary in its very center and is only slightly tilted to the right and down, as if covering the earth with a look. Masterfully written out the foreground with sharp boundaries of light and shadow, creates a sense of ownership of what is happening in the viewer.