What made the Louvre Napoleon
- Country: France
- City: Paris
The Louvre collection has grown rapidly due to the paintings and sculptures seized during the revolution from the clergy and nobles. In addition, the revolutionary France fought a war almost all of Europe, and priceless works of art, captured in the castles and palaces of other countries, came to Paris as war booty. This was facilitated by the victorious campaigns of Napoleon Bonaparte, first General of the revolutionary army, then first Consul of the Republic, and finally Emperor of France.
In the period of highest power and glory of the Emperor , the Louvre was renamed the Napoleon Museum. Of course, Napoleon could not contribute in the reconstruction of the Palace. When it began the construction of another wing of the Museum, and on the square between the Louvre and the Tuileries was erected a triumphal arch. One of the Napoleonic campaigns was for the Louvre to be particularly fruitful. In 1798, Bonaparte, at that time still just the General, went to conquer Egypt. In July his army across the Mediterranean sea, landed near Alexandria…
This military expedition was not quite normal. In addition to soldiers and officers in the army were listed… 175 scientists: astronomers, mathematicians, chemists, mineralogists, historians. Bonaparte was going to conquer Egypt for the long haul, but for Europeans this country was then, in fact, a huge “white spot”. The mysterious, misty remained at that time and the past of Egypt.
For sure it was only known that thousands of years there existed an ancient state, from which there are majestic monuments, enormous pyramids. They were incredibly old when Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire. And for eleven hundred years before the campaign of Bonaparte in the land of the pyramids was won by the Arabs. The new Bishop was not very fond of foreigners, not many of them happened to be here since then. That is why it is known about Egypt were so small.
But the French province of Egypt did not become. The army of Bonaparte was cut disease, hunger, unbearable heat. In August 1799, the General dropped his depleted army, and with few close friends returned to Paris.
Scientists continued their work. Amazed at the colossal dimensions of ancient monuments – temples, pyramids, obelisks, they accounted them in more detail, doing sketches. Many structures, however, were only ruins, polusharnirnye the desert sand.
After Napoleon’s campaign in Europe started the “trend” of Ancient Egypt. Interest in Egyptian antiquities has increased even more, when after years of hard work by French scholar Jean Francois Champollion was able to find the key to deciphering the mysterious Egyptian hieroglyphs.
And in 1826, after the Napoleonic era, Champollion founded at the Louvre Department of ancient art of Egypt. Deposits findings of French archaeologists. Already in the first years the division has enjoyed visitors very popular, and now he was, in fact, an independent Museum in the Museum. Here are stored ancient Egyptian statues, stelae, papyri, jewelry, sarcophagi, dishes, household items, wall paintings, jewellery and many other exhibits telling about the architecture and art of Ancient Egypt, the pharaohs, pyramids, religion, way of life, agriculture, music, the great Nile river, the archeological excavations that continue in the ancient land of Egypt to this day. Now the Egyptian collection of the Louvre is one of the most complete in the world. It is unlikely that Napoleon could assume that this will be the main result of his Egyptian campaign…